Use effective Transitions in your writing

Focus – using transitions effectively in writing

Transitions take the reader from one sentence to the next and from one paragraph to the next. Transitions, both words and phrases, provide a coherent framework for the paper. These transitions will help your writing to be easy to understand to a reader.

Transitions in Writing – examples

Transitions in Writing – more examples

Whenever you have trouble finding a word, phrase, or sentence to serve as an effective transition, refer to the information in the table for assistance. Look in the left column of the table for the kind of logical relationship you are trying to express. Then look in the right column of the table for examples of words or phrases that express this logical relationship.

HOMEWORK – Write detailed instructions on how to do something, fix something, or make something. Use transitions to help you write the steps in order. Highlight, or underline, each transition you use in your instructions. You will read your instructions aloud in your next English class. Be prepared.

Similarity also, in the same way, just as … so too, likewise, similarly
Exception/Contrast but, however, in spite of, on the one hand … on the other hand, nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, in contrast, on the contrary, still, yet
Sequence/Order first, second, third, … next, then, finally
Time after, afterward, at last, before, currently, during, earlier, immediately, later, meanwhile, now, recently, simultaneously, subsequently, then
Example for example, for instance, namely, specifically, to illustrate
Emphasis even, indeed, in fact, of course, truly
Place/Position above, adjacent, below, beyond, here, in front, in back, nearby, there
Cause and Effect accordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefore, thus
Additional Support or Evidence additionally, again, also, and, as well, besides, equally important, further, furthermore, in addition, moreover, then
Conclusion/Summary finally, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, in the end, in the final analysis, on the whole, thus, to conclude, to summarize, in sum, in summary

Renaissance Art Project 2012

7th Grade Renaissance Art projectRenaissance Collage

You have been commissioned to beautify our middle school with a famous Renaissance artwork. You will collaborate in groups of four.  Your group must choose what painting you will re-create.

Collaborative Collage – Each group will be given four pieces of A3 paper.  You will divide each A3 into fourths, a total of 16 small squares. Once you have your painting, use Photo Shop to crop it to the correct dimensions. Then, divide the painting into sixteenths. Each group member will be responsible for four squares. No group member can have adjoining, or adjacent squares. Make sure each group member has a copy of who will be doing which section. Use the materials you’ve been given to re-create the artwork onto the small squares, thus creating a Collaborative Collage.

Possible Renaissance artists to choose from:

Domenico Veneziano

Benozzo Gozzoli

Antonello da Messina

Hugo van der Goes

Fra Angelico

Filippo Brunelleschi

Raphael Sanzio


Leonardo da Vinci


Sandro Botticelli


Filippo Bellini


El Greco

Jan van Eyck

Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Albrecht Durer

Paolo Uccello

Filippo Lippi


*Be sure to keep your painting in proportion to your A4 half sheets. The dimensions of A4  210 by 297 millimetres (8.3 × 11.7 in).

The paper we are using is called ISO paper sizes are all based on a single aspect ratio of square root of 2, or approximately 1:1.4142. See illustration above.

Renaissance Narrative

Hello patrons, artists, merchants, and apprentices! It’s time for an adventure, one that you will pen in first person as you write from the perspective of someone from the Renaissance.

Renaissance pic

YOUR TASK: Write a short first-person account of daily life for a person living in the Renaissance. You should make up a name, develop a voice, and describe your life as a person living during the Renaissance. Feel free to give yourself a family and describe them as well. Most importantly, please have fun with this writing assignment.

Don’t forget to go through the stages of the writing process so your writing will be of top quality! Use all the resources available to you – WriteSource, text-to-speech, teacher feedback, etc.

To be successful you need to remember all the narrative techniques we used previously in our personal narratives. Don’t forget to show instead of tell, use sensory details, incorporate meaningful dialogue, hook your reader at the beginning, and end in a good spot.

Our trusty Six Traits Rubric will be used to assess this piece for IdeasVoice, and Conventions. Publish your story to your blog by the end of your class period Thursday, May 31.

Use the resources below to help you come up with some  ideas and provide you with necessary details.

Focus on Florence

Women in the Renaissance

Children in the Renaissance

Family life during the Renaissance

Renaissance life

The rise of the merchant classes- the Medici family

The new middle class

Exploration and trade

Italian Renaissance

Trade and commerce

Dawn of a new idea

An Artist’s Life

Everyday life in the Renaissance – questions

Watch the video, take notes, then answer the following questions.

Everyday Life in the Renaissance

Follow up questions

Making Connections: This assignment will be a bit different. Fewer questions, but much more depth. I want you to take notes and work on the questions. You may discuss the questions afterword, get clarification, then work on your responses. I’m looking for high-quality answers that are well thought-out, insightful, and full of connections to life today.

1.  During the Renaissance, sumptuary laws were passed to create an obvious distinction between social classes.  How are social classes indicated in contemporary society?  How can you tell what class a person comes from today?

2.  Compare and Contrast the wants and needs of contemporary people (today) with the wants and needs of people living during the Renaissance.

3.  During the Renaissance, European cities grew larger and faster than ever before.  How do highly populated and fast growing cities impact the environment?  What effects do highly populated cities have on the people living in them?

4.  What were some of the advantages and disadvantages of life during the Renaissance?  How might it have been better than contemporary life?  How might it have been worse?

Homework – Due Friday 5/24/12

“Renaissance Art, Music, and Literature” Video Questions

Copy these questions into a Word/Pages document. As you watch the movie, take quick little notes for each. After the movie, you’ll have time to form full answers.


1. Name some of the important artists and writers of the Renaissance.

2. What contributed to Renaissance painting being different from the painting of previous periods?

3. What were some of the causes of the artistic boom during the Renaissance?

4. What is the relationship between anatomy, painting and sculpture?

5. Why was the concept of making things look real important to Renaissance artists?

6. How did artists create fresco?

7. Why was Machiavelli nicknamed “Old Nick”?

8. What was the role of the patron during the Renaissance?

9. Describe what it might have been like to have been a commoner attending the Globe Theatre.

10. What made Shakespeare’s plays so popular?

11. What were some of the hardships that Renaissance artists faced?

12. What literary form was used to compose madrigals?

13. What were patrons trying to achieve by commissioning artists?

Homework – answer all questions by re-stating the questions in your answers. Be ready for a table point question challenge tomorrow! (know the answers and be able to explain in detail)

Renaissance – What inspired this age of balance and order?

Click here for an introduction to the Renaissance. Read through each of the following sections, and take notes on key points.

The Renaissance


*Out of the Middle Ages

*Exploration and Trade

*Printing and Thinking

*Symmetry, Shape, Size

*Focus on Florence

As you are reading, reflect on the essential questions:

1. Why do people create?

2. What makes a “Renaissance Person?”

3. What compels people to explore?

4. How can a individual impact society?

Classwork / Homework: Post a copy of your notes to your blog. Don’t forget to include a title for your blog post.

Bonus table points: Based on your notes, prepare 10 questions to ‘test’ your classmates with tomorrow.